Substantive equality underpins some key features of discrimination, including intersectionality and positive action, and aims to: redress disadvantage; address stigma, stereotyping, prejudice and violence; enhance participation; and accommodate difference by way of structural change.
- Beth Goldblatt, 'Intersectionality in international anti-discrimination law: addressing poverty in its complexity' (2015) 21(1) Australian Journal of Human Rights 47.
- Sandra Fredman and Beth Goldblatt, 'Gender Equality and Human Rights' (Discussion Paper, UN Women, 2015).
- Monica Brierley-Hay and Liam Elphick, 'Riding Towards Inclusion in the Film Industry: Positive Action and Special Measures Under Australian Discrimination Law' (2019) 23(2) Media and Arts Law Review 143.
- Liam Elphick and Monica Brierley-Hay, ‘The case for “inclusion riders” in creative industries: what Australian discrimination law says about quotas’, The Conversation (online at 17 October 2019).
- Margaret Thornton, ‘Proactive or Reactive? The Senate Report on the Equal Opportunity for Women in the Workplace Amendment Bill 2012’ (2012) 25(3) Aust Journal of Labour Law 284.
- Margaret Thornton, ‘Affirmative Action, Merit and Police Recruitment’ (2003) 28(5) Alternative Law Journal 235.
- Margaret Thornton, ‘Deconstructing Affirmative Action’ (1997) 2 International Journal of Discrimination and the Law 299.
- Margaret Thornton, ‘Affirmative Action, Merit and the Liberal State’ (1985) 2(2) Australian Journal of Law & Society 28.